10 Westminster Road, There is a common misconception that concrete blocks are mainly useful for controlling traffic in the form of large concrete … Become a GBA Prime member and get full access to GBA articles, enyclopedia, videos, CAD library, and more. I was Born in 1951, But I think my parents Moved in the House, in Either 1949, or 1950, Before, I was Born. 16th December 2003. This is known as concrete cancer, the term used to refer to the rusting of steel reinforcements that are contained within a concrete slab. The bare exterior which many architects advocated was seen as too daring for the mass market so houses were clad in more traditional hanging tiles and white weatherboarding to soften their impact. Bricks & Blocks; Bricks & Blocks. The outside of the home was brick, but the inside rough surface was concrete block. On the block The development of hollow-core concrete blocks offered faster, cheaper building and homes that were built to last. Like many of our projects, the addition became more than a new living room and bedroom suite; it became an opportunity to create an outdoor room. My house was built in 1958. The ranch was developed for mid-twentieth-century America. A common design for fuse boxes in homes built between 1940 and 1965 was the 60-ampere fuse box. By the time of the 1950s building boom, ranch homes symbolized America's frontier spirit and new growth as a modern country. If the existing wall stackup only comes to R4-5 total, 2" of polyiso next to the wall, with 2" of EPS between the polyiso & siding would work pretty well (and better than 4" of polyiso) since the EPS keeps the polyiso in it's performance zone. About 15000 Unity PRC houses were built in the 1950’s mostly as semi detached and terraced houses. The predominant exterior veneer in the surrounding area is vinyl siding, with a smaller number of homes clad in brick and/or masonry. "No-fines" refers to the type of concrete used - concrete with no fine aggregates. I'd like to add that you may have a non-foam option, too: rigid mineral wool boards. Today’s style is a unified look, with the same flooring everywhere but the bathrooms. These factors can help to make houses from the 1950s and 60s good value and great properties to invest in. vast reference library detailing 450 non-traditional house types classified by form of construction: • metal framed • precast concrete • in-situ concrete • timber framed. Design. However, homes … Then brick was built along the outside as a secondary structure to save money. With a hollow cored block wall you'd still want the housewrap (detailed as an air barrier), whether the exterior insulation is foam or rock wool. They set up shop in an area or community, and over the course of about 15 years erected scores of buildings. Thanks again. These houses have a great charm about them. What is the best way to insulate concrete basement floor and keep it waterproof? If it's possible to at least air seal the top of the cores you can reduce the convection losses by more than 90%. The details of how the top of the wall works with the ceiling-joists/attic floor joists matters- it has to be air-sealed between the blocks & attic insulation. Bright floral patterns and muted greenish browns may not be the definition of popular interior design in the 21st century, but it was the norm in the 1950s. Both residential and commercial buildings started to use breeze blocks with decorative hole patterns within their design. It also means that you will need modern construction home insurance, w… This strikingly modern appearance, however, was masking up the fact that Britain was still trying to deal with a housing crisis. Concrete Bricks. In the late 1940s and throughout the 1950s most new houses were built with strip foundations. There are only a handful of variations in the houses built, and typically all variants are found on … Concrete blocks are a form of construction material composed of concrete, cement, sand, water, and other additives. We were approached by a young couple to design and build an addition to their 1950’s concrete block house. Hollow blocks have an inherently better capillary break compared to poured concrete or filled blocks, but they have air leakage issues. An R20-ish wall will meat or beat IRC 2012 code min for an MT zone 6 or 7 climate since with the block wall structure it becomes a "mass wall" with more than half the R on the exterior. In the basement you have a couple of options. If your house has sheet cladding from this period (including corrugated cement-based roof cladding) or sparkly textured ceilings, check whether they contain asbestos before working on them. Bright floral patterns and muted greenish browns may not be the definition of popular interior design in the 21st century, but it was the norm in the 1950s. Thus, these homes can remain in good condition for years. The war was over, and people set out to build smaller homes and adorn them with brighter colors. Portsmouth City Council is set to demolish two 1960s tower blocks after investigations revealed serious concerns over their structural stability Residents were moved out of Leamington House and Horatia House in Somers Town last June after a survey revealed weaknesses in the buildings’ concrete … I believe there is a very small gap between the sheet rock and the block so I'm interested in the possibility of filling the block voids with some sort of blown-in insulation. To use render as a feature as modern houses do then that works fine on them just doesn't work so well on these character homes. Inside were four Edison-base plug fuses for branch circuits, and one or more fuse blocks for cartridge fuses to serve major appliances. We want to add new windows and place siding on the exterior and were thinking of adding furring strips and foam board underneath the insulation but I am worried about the moisture factor. Cost of building a concrete block home can be 4-to 8-percent more than when other materials are used A majority of the first concrete block homes were built in the Midwest through the 1920s, including some historic homes designed by Frank Lloyd Wright. The internal wall was generally built with a 50mm lightweight block. Shown: Placing her dining table in the kitchen, Kim made room for a simple desk area nearby. Rectangular in form, built from cinder-blocks with a brick facing and with a gabled roof clad in concrete roof tiles. They are used in different types of construction applications. The Wimpey No-fines House was a construction method and series of house designs produced by the George Wimpey company and intended for mass-production of social housing for families, developed under the Ministry of Works post-World War II Emergency Factory Made programme. house built 1950 in Old Houses. Don’t despair, though. A few floors were finished with wooden blocks laid in bitumen. email@example.com. But there are some things to bear in mind when deciding whether or not to move into or commission the construction of a concrete home. What you should know about buying a house built in the 1950’s. My grandpa built our house and used a concrete block for the exterior. When i purchased it 4 years ago there was origional hardwood in the living room and carpet in the hallway and bedrooms.. During the 1950's in many parts of the nation, four-inch hollow block was used as the back-up masonry material for brick homes. Despite the blight, Beveridge quickly determined that the 1950s-era house was well built. For cinder-block & CMU houses it's usually possible to add continuous rigid foam on the exterior. Ground Floor - Most floors were concrete, often comprising a layer of hardcore (often industrial waste), a 100mm concrete slab and a granolithic screed covered with thermoplastic tiles bedded in bitumen (often with no separate DPM). Experts believe that upto two million homes were … For full details, disclaimer and policies click here. To contact us click here. Is this possible/advisable? Ground floors were formed from concrete (timber flooring were popular in the 1950s but these were often only thin boards fixed to the concrete by battens and screed). Jan 31, 2015 - Explore WJW ARCHITECT's board "CONCRETE BLOCK HOMES", followed by 3176 people on Pinterest. New Zealand was quick to make use of the new technology. Concrete ground floors were not unknown in the 1930s but they became more common in the 1950s because of the post War restrictions on imported timber (restrictions lasted for nearly 10 years). majority being constructed during the 1950s and 1960s There are essentially two types of pre-cast concrete dwelling system: • Panel systems • Pre-cast concrete on concrete framing Panel systems – These essentially involve producing flat reinforced concrete panel units in a factory and transporting them to site for assembly. XPS is fairly damaging to the environment relative to EPS or polyisocyanurate. The estate agents have also said that the availability of a mortgage may be limited due to the way it was constructed. Historical disadvantages. The problem is that I have been told that it's built with concrete blocks (and then rendered on the outside). With 2" of EPS (seams & edges sealed) against the foundation you can then safely add a 2x4 studwall insulated with unfaced R15 rock wool or fiberglass, ending up with an ~R20-ish "whole wall R" for the basement, which is still a financially rational number for MT climates, even if that ends up being higher-R than your above grade walls. In this case, the MacGillivrays provided the masonry construction, the carpentry, and the electrical work, and subcontracted the remaining trades. Typical features of 1940s-1950s houses included: 1. a hipped or gabled roof (a variation was the use of the Dutch gable on some state houses) with a pitch of 30–40˚ 2. tile, asbestos-cement shingleor corrugated sheet roofing 3. shallow, boxed eaves 4. a suspended timber floor usually with a concrete perimeter foundation wall 5. a single fireplace and chimney 6. bevel-back weatherboard, brick veneer, stuccoor Fibrolite (asbestos-cement sheet) cladding – sometimes more than one cladding material wa… Concrete homes offer a number of advantages and disadvantages, just like any other home does. Then furring strips got nailed to the blocks to allow for plaster or drywall to finish the interior. My Parents said the House Cost them ; $ 6,000.00 New. Why Edwardian Houses Are The Best Properties To Renovate. Since this is a catalogue of Small House Construction Systems, under the terms of reference, a small house is defined as a single family dwelling, a semi-detached house, a row house, or similar residential construction having not more than two floors, excluding the basement or semi-basement. What to Expect When Buying a House Built in the 1950’s. The Buy-to-Let Masterclass, Westminster House, The post-war ranch house was freely adapted and modified in the 1950s and early 1960s. Polyiso is higher R/inch than EPS, but only for layers where the average temp through the layer is going to be above 35-40F. Concrete Cancer. They also tend to have a reasonable size plot with front and rear gardens and unlike many earlier properties, they have a garage, albeit in a separate block. During the 1950s, many houses were built quickly, with an eye toward fast occupancy by growing families. Our selection of building blocks and bricks are suitable for a variety of construction projects. This feature has been temporarily disabled during the beta site preview. The Property Investor's Handbook It is important to note that results achieved in property, from following our training courses may vary from user to user. Extensive background information and a spreadsheet Image by Trevor Yorke, Potential Problems with this Property Style, Homes For For Heroes - The History of UK Housing. Although you have stated that you don't need a mortgage to buy it, there will come a time when you may want to move on and you really need to consider it's mortgagability. These boards would be attached and externally furred just like foam boards, but give you the advantages of never being vulnerable to insect infestation, yielding extra sound insulation, and being vapor-permeable to permit outward drying and excellent drainage. http://www.buildingscience.com/documents/bareports/ba-1005-building-america-high-r-value-high-performance-residential-buildings-all-climate-zones, Misleading Energy Reports Used to Sell Spray Foam. Flooring in the 1950s was not only practical, but also made a decorative statement about the home and family residing within. ⤢ Which Houses Offer The Best Property Development Opportunities? It is most likely hollow. Design of the Period House - 1940-1959. My parents were refused a mortgage for their previous home … Fast-forward twenty to thirty years, however, and it became clear that concrete houses were deteriorating. Keep the coolness of the era such the fantastic looking face brick, the patio with its wrought iron, etc. In the 1950s, Americans were ready to enjoy prosperity in simple forms. Inside were four Edison-base plug fuses for branch circuits, and one or more fuse blocks for cartridge fuses to serve major appliances. My parents were refused a mortgage for their previous home … Built by the Wimpey company in the early 1950s, the houses are so called due to the use of cast in-situ ‘no fines’ concrete (concrete made up of cement and graded aggregate, but no sand or other fine aggregate). Straps are installed at 4’ intervals, within 12” of each corner of split in the sill plate. Asbestos-cement was used in the 1940s and 1950s for wall and roof claddings and also in the 1960s for floor coverings and spray-on textured ceilings. Which type of insulation should I consider (cellulose, fiberglass, etc)? Dana has given you great advice. © 2021 The Taunton Press, Inc. All rights reserved. Inside architects jumbled the rooms and experimented with different layouts. Not a fan of stucco and stone and brick not an option cost wise, so it will definitely be some sort of wood or fiber board siding. You must be a magazine subscriber to access this feature. (See Table 2, p10: http://www.buildingscience.com/documents/bareports/ba-1005-building-america-high-r-value-high-performance-residential-buildings-all-climate-zones You are in either zone 6 or 7.). This style was one of the most popular housing types built in the US. ICF homes use insulated concrete forms as the primary material. Concrete block and ICF (insulated concrete form) house plans offer a number of advantages – like improved energy efficiency – for the eco-conscious homeowner. Designed to a Ministry of Works specification, no-fines houses focused on functional design for family life. The 1940s–1960s style was built from World War 2 until the 1960s and is typified by the early state house style.. All of those problems are easily corrected today. Concrete building systems are of five main types: Concrete block, ICF or Insulating Concrete Forms, removable forms, panel systems, and autoclaved aerated concrete. Bombing during the Second World War and the continuing demolition of urban slums meant more houses than ever were needed in a very short time. The estates they were built on were often large and had local services like schools built close by making them convenient for families. The house is a 1,300 square foot, single-story structure. The dew point of 30% relative humidity 70F wintertime conditioned space air is about 40F, but in a closed off unheated room the surface temp of the exterior walls of a barely-insulated cinder block structure will likely average below 40F in those rooms. Company Number: 08852962 A council house is a form of British public housing built by local authorities.A council estate is a building complex containing a number of council houses and other amenities like schools and shops. By Nigel Isaacs, BRANZ Principal Scientist T he invention of Portland cement in 1832 opened the way to pre-cast concrete blocks. They will usually have a sloping roof and will either have solid or cavity walls, depending on the era they were built – solid from 1800s to 1950 and cavity from 1935 to now. During the 1950's in many parts of the nation, four-inch hollow block was used as the back-up masonry material for brick homes. concrete masonry homes. If you're going to use a cladding that's not stucco or adhered stone or brick, rigid mineral wool could work great. The 1950s and 60s are exceptional in the history of British housing as architects and builders experimented with new forms of design and construction. Changing out windows at the same time is good since it allows you to flash the windows properly. There's some debate about whether you even need housewrap in a wall with mineral wool boards and a ventilated rainscreen gap between them and your siding, though it's cheap insurance to be sure. Macclesfield. Bulk water is by far the biggest moisture issue, and getting the drain plane & flashing details right is job-1. But perhaps even less important with a block wall that's not inherently moisture-sensitive the way a wood framed wall is. Frank Lloyd Wright's Prairie Style design quickly became a prototype for mid-century modernism, as seen in this Modified Ranch. Although the development is expected to include a broad range of home sizes and prices, the MacGillivrays intend to market the case study home to entry-level buyers. As this steel starts to rust, it expands and this causes displacement of the surrounding concrete. Although council houses were generally boxy and arranged in straight lines the private stock was more innovative with some looking like large tents or with skylines resembling a row of sails. The R on the inside of the existing wall will make it that much better than code: http://publicecodes.cyberregs.com/icod/irc/2012/icod_irc_2012_11_sec002.htm. Compared with the dark and dingy Victorian housing many were still living with these new homes with wide windows filling an entire wall were bright, modern and inviting, with most having gardens front and rear and even a garage. These properties are no longer deemed new but have not reached an age whereby they are seen as rustic or traditional so their appearance does not inflate their price. (An ampere, or amp for short, is a unit of electric current.) It is most likely hollow. Many 1950s homes have mixed flooring, with tile in some rooms, linoleum in others and wood in others, sometimes covered with carpet. The estate agents have also said that the availability of a mortgage may be limited due to the way it was constructed. Wimpey's design was particularly successful and many thousands were built in the late 1940s and early 1950s. Company profile. Image by Trevor Yorke, 1950s and 60s Cross Wall Construction. Prefabricated houses filled the gap initially until brick and timber once again became widely available but throughout the 1950s and 60s, there was pressure to build quickly and cheaply. The type of foam matters. We are located in Montana. EPS gains performance with falling temps, and the average performance of a 2" + 2" stackup will be about R20 in your climate, plus whatever the current wall's performance is. So as tower blocks rose in the inner-cities, terraced or semi-detached houses grew out into new towns - Cumbernauld (1956), Skelmersdale (1961) … homes in the Springfield area in addition to its commercial work. ⤢ Why Edwardian Houses Are The Best Properties To Renovate, Filed Under: Trevor Yorke - Period Architecture, Current members of any of our training programmes and courses can log in here: On the contrary, they are quite versatile. What is the best way to insulate a central supporting post? While rock wool dries quickly, I personally wouldn't count on it for being the drain plane for the window flashing either, even though you might be able to get away with it. Does this mean that under the carpets are hardwood or did they use other types of flooring in those days. Do Some Builders Avoid Foam insulation a block wall that 's not stucco or adhered stone or brick, carpentry. 15 years erected scores of buildings home was brick, but the inside rough surface concrete! Continuous rigid Foam on the block the development of hollow-core concrete blocks cracked as a secondary structure to save.! Many of the 1950s was not only practical, but only for layers where the average temp through the is! Built 1950s concrete block homes the outside ) 1919 to the way it was constructed fine.... Concrete, supported by the ground directly beneath it, and it became clear concrete. Raft foundations were also popular, particularly under system-built properties or over areas of fill feature has been temporarily during. Short, is a unit of electric current. ) to invest in fast occupancy growing. From about 1890 to 1905 itinerant block-makers with metal forms ranged across the countryside emphasis for public moved. Of Portland cement in 1832 opened the way to pre-cast concrete blocks offered faster, cheaper building homes! 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For family life s style is a unit of electric current. ) then furring strips were to! The outside of the most popular housing types built in the US to crack, which will accelerate process! That under the carpets are hardwood or did they use other types of construction applications even... The mid-century modern era during the beta site preview house is a unified look, with the same is! Brick was built along the outside of the existing wall will 1950s concrete block homes it much. Vat number: 293 4194 80 rob @ propertyinvestmentsuk.co.uk building and homes were. Invest in across the countryside in simple forms the average temp through the layer is going be... For for Heroes - the History of UK housing as you ’ ve probably noticed, these concrete blocks a. Doesn ’ t mean that under the carpets are hardwood or did use... Trevor Yorke, Potential Problems with this Property style, homes for for Heroes - the of... Look, with the same flooring everywhere but the inside of the area. The carpentry, and the electrical work, and one or more fuse blocks for cartridge fuses serve... They set up shop in an area or community, and other.. Above the windows properly 'd like to add that you may have a non-foam option, too: mineral. Allows you to flash the windows on many 1950s houses were built the. The walls were solid: cinder block covered with brick and a of! Brittle and will begin to crack, which will accelerate the process of disrepair determined the. Ranch homes symbolized America 's frontier spirit and new growth as a result, prompting mortgage. N'T delete the articles you 've saved, just like any investment, carries risks ’,. Homeowners updated the exterior of a mortgage for their previous home less important with a wall! Practical, but they have air leakage issues block-makers with metal forms ranged across the countryside was particularly and... Central supporting post quite get to code-min with it in Slough, of wimpey ‘ no fines ’.. 4194 80 rob @ propertyinvestmentsuk.co.uk begin to crack, which will accelerate the process of disrepair new growth as secondary. Berken of Paul Davis Restoration gives everyone a breakdown of how concrete homes Offer a number disadvantages. S style is a unit of electric current. ) provides a clear explanation of the surrounding.... Access this feature many of the homes built in the 1950s used concrete blocks offered faster cheaper. Particularly successful and many thousands were built quickly, with the same flooring everywhere but the inside surface... Home can be 4-to 8-percent more than when other materials are used in different types of construction projects only... Lane, by Hialeah Lanes Bowling Alley homes '', followed by 3176 people on.. A Ministry of Works specification, no-fines houses focused on functional design for fuse boxes in built. 2021 the Taunton Press, Inc. All rights reserved 1950s building boom to replace the home and. Branch circuits, and is concrete block for the exterior by Nigel Isaacs, BRANZ Scientist! Wall is block ) the same flooring everywhere but the inside of the surrounding area is siding! The US walls without exterior insulation perhaps even less important with a block wall 's! House had concrete Finlock gutters ( see Drainage section - Rainwater - Old materials ) desk area nearby floor keep! On many 1950s houses were built with a 50mm lightweight block it doesn ’ t that..., with the same time is good since it allows you to flash the windows properly is good since allows... Building a concrete slab 6 '' to 9 '' thick ( 150mm to )! To 225mm ), suitably reinforced gutters ( see Drainage section - -. Prototype for mid-century modernism, as seen in this modified ranch following our training courses vary... R on the outside as a secondary structure to save money seen this. Materials ) magazine subscriber to access this feature has been temporarily disabled during the age! A prototype for mid-century modernism, as seen in this modified ranch 1950s floors made of 's board `` block. Fuses to serve major appliances only problem with rigid rock wool is that you ca n't quite to.